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There is a need to increase the environmental, economic, and social sustainability of buildings. Building prefabrication is a new construction technique which builds off-site and then assembles at the location; the methods used enhance the sustainability of buildings, in terms of predictability, product and process quality. It also increases safety for workers.

Building sustainability can be achieved with a different approach to technology, manufacturing, and materials by way of integrating prefabricated construction with industry 4.0 manufacturing and the use of circular materials.

These modern methods of construction (MMC), utilise different technologies and raw materials, and are increasingly popular, following in the footsteps of countries like Scandinavia and Japan, in building off-site.


Cross laminated timber (CLT) is a structural, prefabricated panel used to form environmentally sustainable walls, roofs and floors across a wide range of structures. It has a wide range of applications and can be used as part of a hybrid structure or as a sole building material. Its use is well documented in almost every sector and there are numerous examples of CLT in everything from high rise buildings and large commercial office spaces to single storey dwellings.

Within this context, ILM is engaging with leading architects, Iberian construction sector players, UK MMC/CLT specialists and Edinburgh Napier University – Institute for Sustainable Construction and Centre for Wood Science & Technology in order to formulate the best modern method of construction for Tavira Sustainable Wellness Village.

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